So, we’ll let’s take a quick look at some of the other people who contributed to cardiac knowledge!
The earliest known writings on the circulatory system are found in the Ebers Papyrus (16th century BCE), an ancient Egyptian medical papyrus containing over 700 Read the rest of this entry
William Harvey was born April 1, 1578. Harvey had seven brothers and two sisters, and his father, Thomas Harvey, was a farmer and landowner. His father then became the mayor of Folkestone England after having worked there for years as a jurat (someone in the legal field that witnesses documents being signed). While living in Folkestone, he learned Latin, which was the beginning of his medical education. Harvey attended the King’s School in Canterbury, Kent, from 1588 to 1593. He then went on to study arts and medicine at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, from 1593 to 1599. He continued his studies at the University of Padua, the leading European medical school at the time. He became a student of Italian anatomist and surgeon Hieronymous Fabricius, who had a considerable influence on Harvey. It is also likely that Harvey was taught by Italian philosopher Cesare Cremonini, a prominent follower of Aristotle. Read the rest of this entry
Pick one of the following questions for the topic of your paper. These are from the discussion topics in the Vesalius material as we previously talked about.
- Compare and contrast the view on dissection between Galen’s and Vesalius’s eras. How did this change the study of anatomy?
- In what ways did art change the study of anatomy? Consider On the Fabric of the Human Body.
- Why is empirical observation important and how was this reflected in Vesalius’s work?
- Why was On the Fabric of the Human Body so heavily challenged when it was published?
- How does Vesalius’s ideas of medical research compare to those of Hippocrates or Galen? (pick either Hippocrates or Galen to compare him to).
Note: Content has been added to this section since the original Galen post.
Discussion Topic: What are the ethical implications of vivisection? How do these implications compare to the implications of dissection?
– animal vs human vivisection, are the implications different?
– animal rights
– life value
– one vs many
– do the ends justify the means? Read the rest of this entry
Galen considered anatomy to be the foundation of medicine. Because of this, he felt that studying human anatomy was the center of all medical research. But it was illegal to dissect cadavers in his time. Because of this, he dissected animals.1,3,4,9 He believed that animals would have anatomy like humans. Upon examination of several species of animals, he found that there were more similarities than differences. He applied the similarities to human Read the rest of this entry
Claudius Galen was he was born 130 AD in the city of Pergamon (modern-day Bergama, Turkey) and died 200 AD. Galen was “a very prominent physician [that] greatly influenced the development of various scientific disciplines like anatomy*, physiology*, pathology* and neurology, and was considered an authority on medical theory and practice in Europe up until the mid-17th century.”3 He was a Greek doctor in the Roman Empire. He received medical education in his youth (age 16-19), traveled extensively (starting at age 19) and then later attended another school of medicine in Alexandria. He was an expert of his time.1,3,4,9 Read the rest of this entry