Wanted to make a note for myself and Scholar Owl what we covered up to this point. There is a bunch of stuff packed into the Galen post and I thought breaking it into what was covered each session would make it easier.
Claudius Galen was he was born 130 AD in the city of Pergamon (modern-day Bergama, Turkey) and died 200 AD. Galen was “a very prominent physician [that] greatly influenced the development of various scientific disciplines like anatomy*, physiology*, pathology* and neurology, and was considered an authority on medical theory and practice in Europe up until the mid-17th century.”3 He was a Greek doctor in the Roman Empire. He received medical education in his youth (age 16-19), traveled extensively (starting at age 19) and then later attended another school of medicine in Alexandria. He was an expert of his time.1,3,4,9
- Anatomy: “the science dealing with the structure of animals and plants.”2
- Physiology: “the branch of biology dealing with the functions and activities of living organisms and their parts, including all physical and chemical processes.”2
- Pathology: “the science or the study of the origin, nature, and course of diseases.”2
- Neurology: “the science of the nerves and the nervous system, especially of the diseases affecting them.”2
Discussion Topic: Hippocrates was a major influence on Galen’s work. The ideas of Diagnosis and Prognosis came up in our discussion of Hippocrates. How is anatomy, physiology and pathology related to diagnosis and prognosis? Spent a lot of time talking about these terms and how they are related to each other.
When he was 28 years old, he became the doctor for the gladiators; which is an important position. At at 32 he established himself in Rome as a prominent doctor. But he had to flee Rome because he had made many enemies there by being hateful and scornful to the other doctors working there that he felt were less skilled them he was. But he was later called back when a plague struck. He then became the doctor for Emperor Marcus Aurelius and Aurelius’ son, Commodus. He remained emperor’s physician into Commodus’s reign. It was from this position that he was afforded the ability to do most of his research.1,3,4,9
Religion* and philosophy* were major influences on the culture and social structure of the Roman empire. This created hurdles for Galen, but it also paved the way for major medical advancements.
- Religion: “a set of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency or agencies, usually involving devotional and ritual observances, and often containing a moral code governing the conduct of human affairs.”2
- Just started talking about religion, just covered the definition of it.