Risks for Insmonia
Nearly everyone has an occasional sleepless night. But your risk of insomnia is greater if:
You’re a woman. Women are much more likely to experience insomnia. Hormonal shifts during the menstrual cycle and in menopause may play a role. During menopause, night sweats and hot flashes often disturb sleep. Insomnia is also common with pregnancy.
You’re older than age 60. Because of changes in sleep patterns and health, insomnia increases with age.
You have a mental health disorder. Many disorders — including depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder — disrupt sleep. Early-morning awakening is a classic symptom of depression.
You’re under a lot of stress. Stressful events can cause temporary insomnia. And major or long-lasting stress, such as the death of a loved one or a divorce, can lead to chronic insomnia. Being poor or unemployed also increases the risk.
You work night or changing shifts. Working at night or frequently changing shifts increases your risk of insomnia.
You travel long distances. Jet lag from traveling across multiple time zones can cause insomnia.